How To Register A Small Business In Ireland?: A Comprehensive Guide

Ireland, with its thriving economy and business-friendly environment, is an excellent location for budding entrepreneurs. If you’re thinking of setting up a small business in the Emerald Isle, here’s a detailed guide on how to go about registering it.

Step 1: Decide on Your Business Structure:

1. Sole Trader:

This is the simplest form of business where the individual is solely responsible for its debts and obligations.

2. Partnership:

Two or more individuals share the responsibilities, debts, and benefits of the business.

3. Limited Company:

A separate legal entity from its owners, it provides limited liability protection.

Step 2: Registering as a Sole Trader or Partnership:

1. Apply for a Personal Public Service (PPS) Number:

Ensure you have a PPS number, as it’s required for tax purposes.

2. Choose a Business Name:

If trading under a name different from your own, you must register the business name with the Companies Registration Office (CRO).

3. Tax Registration:

Register with the Revenue Commissioners for income tax, using the TR1 form for tax registration.

Step 3: Registering as a Limited Company:

Choose a Company Name:

Ensure it’s unique and not already registered with the CRO.

Prepare Documents:

  • Draft a company constitution, outlining its rules and operations.
  • Complete Form A1, which includes details of directors, secretary, and company type.

Submit Documents and Fees:

Forward the completed documents, along with the registration fee, to the CRO.

Step 4: Tax and Employer Responsibilities:

1. Obtain an Employer Identification Number (EIN):

If planning to hire staff, register with the Revenue Commissioners for an EIN.

2. Register for VAT:

If your business turnover exceeds or is expected to exceed the VAT threshold, you must register for VAT.

3. PAYE (Pay As You Earn):

If you employ staff, you need to register for PAYE, which is the system used for deducting income tax and social insurance from employees’ wages.

Step 5: Opening a Business Bank Account:

After registering your business, consider opening a business bank account to manage your business’s financial transactions separately from personal finances.

Step 6: Obtain Necessary Licenses and Permits:

Depending on the nature of your business, you might need specific licenses or permits. Check with local councils and industry bodies to ensure compliance.


Registering a small business in Ireland is a straightforward process if you follow the necessary steps and remain informed about your obligations. Once registered, the Emerald Isle offers a world of opportunities for growth and success. Best of luck with your new venture!